Hydrogenation of CO to Methane Over Mesoporous Nickel–Iron–Alumina Xerogel Nano-Catalysts
Mesoporous nickel–iron–alumina xerogel ((40−x)NixFeAX) nano-catalysts with different iron content (x = 0, 2.5, 5, 7.5, and 10) were prepared by a single-step sol–gel method for use in the methane production from carbon monoxide and hydrogen. The effect of iron content on the catalytic performance of (40−x)NixFeAX catalysts was investigated. In the methanation reaction, yield for CH4 decreased in the order of 35Ni5FeAX > 32.5Ni7.5FeAX > 30Ni10FeAX > 37.5Ni2.5FeAX > 40Ni0FeAX. This indicated that optimal iron content of mesoporous nickel–iron–alumina xerogel nano-catalyst was required for maximum production of CH4 in the methanation reaction. Experimental results revealed that optimal CO dissociation energy and large H2 adsorption ability of the catalyst were favorable for methane production. Among the catalysts tested, 35Ni5FeAX catalyst, which retained the most optimal CO dissociation energy and the largest H2 adsorption ability, exhibited the best catalytic performance in terms of conversion of CO and yield for CH4 in the methanation reaction. CO dissociation energy and H2 adsorption ability of the catalyst played a key role in determining the catalytic performance of (40−x)NixFeAX in the methanation reaction.
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Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: 2012-07-01
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