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Enhanced Formation of a Confined Nano-Water Meniscus Using a 780 nm Laser with a Quartz Tuning Fork-Atomic Force Microscope

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Demonstrated herein is the optical-field-induced enhancement of the formation of a confined nanowater meniscus using a distance-regulated quartz tuning fork-atomic force microscope (QTF-AFM) with a 780 nm laser. While a pulled optical fiber tip approaches the surface, the laser is suddenly turned on and focuses on the front spot of the tip by the shape of the pulled optical fiber, which plays the role of an objective lens and induces the gathering effect of the water molecules directed to the electromagnetic-field gradient in air. This phenomenon facilitates a new boundary condition to form a long-range confined nano-scale liquid bridge between the tip and the surface. After the pulling of the optical fiber, 20-nm-thick gold was sputtered on the apex (diameter: ∼100 nm) of the tip to guide and focus the beam on the spot. The critical power of the laser to overcome the barrier for the formation of a new boundary is 100 μW at the distance of 22 nm from the substrate.

Document Type: Research Article


Publication date: July 1, 2012

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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