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Reliability Evaluation of Nano-Bi/Silver Paste Sensor Electrode for Detecting Trace Metals

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Abstract:

The reliability of sensor characteristics for a nano-bismuth (Bi)/silver (Ag) paste electrode has been investigated by comparison with Hg/Bi film electrodes in terms of accuracy and precision. Using Ag paste instead of carbon paste as a conducting layer, the sensitivity and detection limit of the sensor electrode were more enhanced due to a lower electrical conductivity of Ag. For the evaluation of detecting ability, the Zn, Cd, and Pb ion concentrations of the prepared standard solutions were experimentally measured on Hg film, Bi film, and nano-Bi electrodes using anodic stripping voltammetry. A nano-Bi electrode can detect Zn, Cd, and Pb ions at 0.1 ppb with higher precision and accuracy compared with Hg film and Bi film electrodes. From the trace analyses of Zn, Cd, and Pb ions in commercial drinking water and river water using a nano-Bi electrode and inductively coupled plasma (ICP) technique, it was concluded that the nano-Bi electrode exhibited excellent sensing characteristics with high reliability, and could detect even traces of Zn, Cd, and Pb ions that were not detected by the ICP method.

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1166/jnn.2012.6356

Publication date: 2012-07-01

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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