If you are experiencing problems downloading PDF or HTML fulltext, our helpdesk recommend clearing your browser cache and trying again. If you need help in clearing your cache, please click here . Still need help? Email help@ingentaconnect.com

Effect of Thermal Annealing on the Efficiency of Heterojunction Photovoltaic Cells Fabricated Using Poly(3-hexylthiophene) and Methanofullerene, [6,6]-Phenyl C61-Butyric Acid Methyl Ester

$113.00 plus tax (Refund Policy)

Buy Article:

Abstract:

The effects of thermal annealing on the efficiency of heterojunction photovoltaic (PV) cells that were fabricated using poly(3-hexylthiophene) (P3HT) and methanofullerene, [6,6]-phenyl C61-butyric acid methyl ester (PCBM) were investigated. The absorption spectra showed that the absorption intensity of the P3HT:PCBM layer that was annealed for 5 min had the highest value among the several samples with different annealing temperatures. The atomic force microscopy image showed that the P3HT:PCBM layer that was annealed for 5 min had the best surface morphology. The X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy demonstrated that the P3HT:PCBM layer that was annealed at 140 °C for 10 min enhanced the PCBM aggregation on the surface Al layer that was covered by the P3HT:PCBM layer. The efficiencies of the PV cells that were annealed at 3, 5, and 10 min were approximately 2.7, 4.2, and 3.5%, respectively. Based on the experiment results, the variations in the efficiency of the PV cells due their thermal treatment were described.

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1166/jnn.2012.6247

Publication date: July 1, 2012

More about this publication?
  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
  • Editorial Board
  • Information for Authors
  • Subscribe to this Title
  • Terms & Conditions
  • ingentaconnect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites
Related content

Tools

Favourites

Share Content

Access Key

Free Content
Free content
New Content
New content
Open Access Content
Open access content
Subscribed Content
Subscribed content
Free Trial Content
Free trial content
Cookie Policy
X
Cookie Policy
ingentaconnect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more