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In-Vivo and In-Vitro Biocompatibility Evaluations of Silver Nanoparticles with Antimicrobial Activity

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Abstract:

In this study, the biocompatibility and antimicrobial activity of silver nanoparticles (Ag NPs) were evaluated in vitro and in vivo. The cytotoxicity of Ag NPs (average diameter: 2–5 nm) against CHOK1 cells was determined via WST-8 assay, and their genotoxicity was examined via Salmonella typhimurium reverse mutation assay (Ames test). The acute toxicity and intracutaneous reactivity of Ag NPs were evaluated using animal models of mice and rabbits, respectively. The antibacterial effects of Ag NPs on the Gram (−) bacterial strains of Escherichia coli ATCC 8739 and Pseudomonas aeruginosa ATCC 9027 and on the Gram (+) bacterial strains of Staphylococcus aureus ATCC 6538p and Bacillus subtilius ATCC 6633 were determined by measuring the minimum inhibitory concentrations. The Ag NPs were highly cytotoxic to the L-929 cells at over 2 ppm but were non-cytotoxic at lower than 1 ppm. Moreover, the Ag NPs at 1 ppm or lower did not show genotoxicity, acute toxicity and intracutaneous reactivity. It was also found that the Ag NPs exerted effective antimicrobial activities on both the Gram (−) and (+) bacterial strains within the range from 0.06 to 0.98 ppm for 50% MIC.

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1166/jnn.2012.6367

Publication date: July 1, 2012

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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