Cell Chip-Based Monitoring of Toxic Effects of Cosmetic Compounds on Skin Fibroblast Cells

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Abstract:

The present study estimated the efficacy of electrochemical detection of imidazolidinyl urea-induced cell toxicity in skin human fibroblast cells (HFF cells). The gold nanopunct structures were fabricated through a nanoporous alumina mask, and the structural formations were confirmed via scanning electron microscopy. The HFF cells were allowed to attach to RGD (Arg-Gly-Asp) peptide nanopatterned surfaces, and electrochemical tools were applied to skin cells attached to the chip surface. The HFF cells evidenced inflammation responses to allergens such as imidazolidinyl urea. The cells were subsequently treated with different concentrations of imidazolidinyl urea for 24 h in culture, which induced a change in the cyclic voltammetry (CV) current peak. Treatment with imidazolidinyl urea induced a loss of cell viability and accelerated inflammation in a concentration-dependent manner. The expression level of inflammation-related proteins such as IL-I beta were increased in imidazolidinyl urea-treated cells. The CV results demonstrated that imidazolidinyl urea significantly reduced the current peaks in a dose-dependent manner. The results showed that the current peak was reduced in accordance with the increases in imidazolidinyl urea-induced inflammation. In conclusion, the results of this study suggest that the electrochemical-based chip provides crucial information for improvements to a cell chip system for drug screening applications.

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1166/jnn.2012.6272

Publication date: July 1, 2012

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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