Actuating and Sensing Properties of Nanoporous Gold
We show that variations in the relative humidity give rise to reversible macroscopic dimensional changes in nanoporous gold exposed to ambient air. The macroscopic strain is the consequence of changes in the nanoporous gold surface stress. We have measured reversible strain amplitudes up to 0.02% in response to a 15% change in relative humidity. The direct conversion into mechanical work of the energy involved in the liquid to vapor phase transition of water is attractive for environmentally friendly short-stroke actuator and sensor applications.
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Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: 2012-06-01
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