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Improved Photocatalytic Activity of Anisotropic Rutile/Anatase TiO2 Nanoparticles Synthesized by the Ti-Peroxo Complex Method

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Abstract:

Anisotropic rutile/anatase TiO2 nanoparticles (AB-TiO2) were synthesized by the Ti-peroxo complex method. Their photocatalytic activity in the degradation of Rhodamine B (RhB) was evaluated and compared to that of commercial TiO2 P25 and TiO2 obtained through the benzyl alcohol route (OB-TiO2). The samples were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FT-IR in DRIFT mode), Field-Emission Scanning Electronic Microscopy (FEG-SEM), N2 physisorption and UV-visible spectroscopy. Photodegradation of RhB was carried out under visible light and the results revealed a remarkable photocatalytic activity of the AB-TiO2 in terms of surface area. The excellent performance of the AB-TiO2 was explained in light of the synergistic effect of the coexistence of anatase/rutile phases, anisotropy and irreversible adsorption of organic species during sol–gel synthesis. UV-visible measurements also indicated that N-deethylation and photobleaching mechanisms occur to different extents, depending on the surface composition of the photocatalyst.

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1166/jnn.2012.6165

Publication date: June 1, 2012

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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