Assembly of Ni(OH)2 Nanoparticle Films on Aqueous Surfaces Induced by Small Amounts of Toluene, and the Study of Their Unmediated Electrocatalytic Oxidation Toward Some Small Biomolecules

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Abstract:

A simple strategy for the preparation of a Ni(OH)2 nanoparticle film is described. Ni(OH)2 nanoparticles were synthesized in an aqueous solution of Ni2+ and tert-butylamine in the presence of small amounts of toluene, which induced the nanoparticles to assemble a thin film on the aqueous surface. The obtained Ni(OH)2 nanoparticle film was easily transferred onto the electrode surfaces and exhibited stable electrochemical performance. The electrochemical behavior of various small biomolecules, including cysteine, homocysteine, glutathione, histidine, glycine, cystine, methionine, lysine, aspartic acid, glutamic acid, phenylalanine, ascorbic acid, uric acid and dopamine, were studied at the Ni(OH)2 nanoparticle-film-modified electrode. The Ni(OH)2 nanoparticle film exhibits excellent direct, unmediated electrocatalysis toward the oxidation of cysteine, homocysteine and ascorbic acid in a pH 7.4 buffer solution with a low onset potential and a high oxidation signal. This behavior differs from many reports in which small organic molecules are electrocatalyzed indirectly by the Ni(OH)2/NiOOH redox couple in a strongly alkaline solution.

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1166/jnn.2012.6182

Publication date: June 1, 2012

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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