Synthesis, Characterization, Photophysical Properties of a Novel Organic Photoswitchable Dyad in Its Pristine and Hybrid Nanocomposite Forms

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Abstract:

In the present paper the method of synthesis and characterization of a novel organic dyad, 3-(1-Methoxy-3,4-dihydro-naphthalyn-2-yl-)-1-p-chlorophenyl propenone, have been reported. In this paper our main thrust is to fabricate new hybrid nanocomposites by combining the organic dyad with different noble metals, semiconductor nanoparticle and noble metal-semiconductor core/shell nanocomposites. In this organic dyad, donor part is 1-Methoxy-3, 4-dihydro-naphthalen- 2-carboxaldehyde with the acceptor p-chloroacetophenone. We have carried out steady state and time-resolved spectroscopic measurements on the dyad and its hybrid nanocomposite systems. Some quantum chemical calculations have also been done using Gaussian 03 software to support the experimental findings by theoretical point of view. Both from the theoretical predictions and NMR studies it reveals that in the ground state only extended (E-type or trans-type) conformation of the dyad exists whereas on photoexcitation these elongated conformers are converted into folded forms (Z- or cis-type) of the dyad, showing its photoswitchable character. Time resolved fluorescence spectroscopic (fluorescence lifetime by TCSPC method) measurements demonstrate that in chloroform medium all the organic–inorganic hybrid nanocomposites, studied in the present investigation, possess larger amount of extended conformers relative to folded ones, even in the excited singlet state. This indicates the possibility of slower energy destructive charge recombination rates relative to the rate processes associate with charge-separation within the dyad. It was found that in CHCl3 medium, the computed charge separation rate was found to be ∼108 s−1 for the dyad alone and other hybrid nanocomposite systems. The rate is found to be faster than the energy wasting charge recombination rate ∼102–101 s−1, as observed from the transient absorption measurements for the corresponding hybrid systems. It indicates the conformational geometry has a great effect on the charge-separation and recombination rate processes. The suitability for the construction of efficient light energy conversion devices especially with Ag-Dyad nanocomposite of all the systems studied here is hinted from the observed long ion-pair lifetime.

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1166/jnn.2012.6208

Publication date: June 1, 2012

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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