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Fabrication and Optical Property of Vertically-Aligned ZnO/Si Double Nanostructures

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We fabricated the vertically-aligned zinc oxide (ZnO)/silicon (Si) double nanostructures by simple processes using the metal-assisted chemical etching and a subsequent hydrothermal synthesis, and their optical property was investigated. For efficient antireflection characteristics, Si nanostructures were optimized by changing the size of the dewetted silver (Ag) at different etching times. The thermally dewetted Ag nanoparticles or semi-island films as metal catalysts were controlled by the Ag film thickness and dewetting temperature. To form the ZnO/Si double nanostructures, ZnO nanorods were synthesized on the chemically etched Si nanostructures using a thin sputtered ZnO seed layer. The grown ZnO nanorod arrays (NRAs) exhibited good crystallinity and further reduced the surface reflection due to their antireflective property. The ZnO/Si double nanostructures showed the increased peak intensity of X-ray diffraction as well as the significantly reduced solar weight reflectance of 6.05% compared to 11.71% in the ZnO NRAs on the flat Si substrate. Also, the enhanced antireflection property of ZnO/Si double nanostructures was theoretically analyzed by performing the rigorous coupled wave analysis simulation.

Document Type: Research Article


Publication date: June 1, 2012

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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