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Evaluation of the Influence of Nanoparticles' Shapes on the Formation of Poly(lactic acid) Nanocomposites Obtained Employing the Solution Method

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Abstract:

PLA nanocomposites were prepared by adding organically modified montmorillonite clay (Viscogel B8) and a homoionic clay (NT25), as well as unmodified silica (A200) and modified organic silica (R972). All nanocomposites were obtained by the solution intercalation method using chloroform as a solvent. The materials obtained were essentially characterized by X-ray diffraction and low-field nuclear magnetic resonance relaxometry, through the measurement of proton spin-lattice relaxation time (LF-NMR). Both clays and silicas used to obtain the polymeric nanocomposites showed good dispersion in the polymeric matrix. The relaxation times were distinct for each type of nanoparticle used. The nanocomposite formed with homoionic clay, NT25, presented an increase in the relaxation data, indicating formation of intercalated nanocomposites, contrary to the action of the organoclay Viscogel B8, which preferentially formed an exfoliated nanocomposite. When unmodified and organo-modified silica were added to PLA, an increase in the relaxation time of the polymer matrix was observed. According to the relaxation data, the organosilica R972 dispersed better in the polymeric matrix and consequently interacted better than the A200.

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1166/jnn.2012.6176

Publication date: 2012-06-01

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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