Overcoming Multidrug Resistance with Mesoporous Silica Nanorods as Nanocarrier of Doxorubicin

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Abstract:

Multidrug resistance (MDR) is a major obstacle to the effective chemotherapy in many human malignancies. Nanoparticulate drug delivery systems (NDDSs) have been reported to be able to bypass MDR, but the cancer therapeutic efficacy is still limited. In this study, we firstly designed the nonspherical mesoporous silica nanorods (MSNRs) with aspect ratio (AR) of 1.5 and 5 as drug delivery systems of doxorubicin to overcome multidrug resistance. For drug loading, the long-rod MSNRs (NLR, AR=5) showed higher drug loading capacity of doxorubicin (DOX) than the short-rod MSNRs (NSR, AR = 1.5). NLR encapsulated DOX had increased intracellular DOX accumulation in drugresistant Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells compared with free DOX by observablly increased cellular uptake and significantly prolonged intracellular drug retention. It further exhibited increased cytotoxicity compared with free DOX under different drug concentrations. These findings may provide a new perspective for designing high-performance nanoparticulate drug delivery systems for bypassing multidrug resistance of cancer therapy.

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1166/jnn.2012.6198

Publication date: June 1, 2012

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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