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Improved Photovoltaic Properties of Fluorene-Thiophene-Based Copolymers by an Electron-Transporting Triazole Unit in the Main Chain

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An electron-transporting triazole (Tz) unit was introduced into the fluorene-thiophene-based copolymer backbone via a Suzuki coupling reaction. The resulting copolymer, poly[9,9′-dioctyl-fluorene-co-5, 5-(4′, 7′-di-2-thienyl-2′,1′,3′-benzothiadiazole)-co-(4-(4-butyl-phenyl)-3, 5-diphenyl-4H-1,2,4]triazole)] (PF3TBTz), was soluble in common organic solvents and can be easily used as the active layer in organic photovoltaic cells (OPVs). By the introduction of the triazole unit, the OPV performance was nearly doubled from 0.62% (PF3TB) to 1.25% (PF3TBTz) under the same conditions. The higher performance can be explained by the improved surface morphology, resulting in better charge photogeneration and higher short circuit current (J SC) value in PF3TBTz in comparison with PF3TB. The possibility of the use of triazole units in OPV applications are described herein.

Document Type: Research Article


Publication date: April 1, 2012

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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