Photovoltaic Performance of Dye-Sensitized Solar Cell Low Temperature Growth of ZnO Nanorods Using Chemical Bath Deposition
Nanostructured ZnO photoelectrodes were synthesized on fluorine-doped tin oxide (FTO) glass substrates that were spin-coated with a sol–gel based ZnO seed layer via a chemical bath deposition (CBD) method at varying times of 1, 2, 4, and 8 h. Then, TiO2 nanoparticulate electrodes were prepared on ZnO nanorods using the doctor blade technique. The uniformly grown ZnO nanorod layer had a length of approximately 710 nm on the FTO glass substrate with wurtzite structures which was confirmed through X-ray diffraction patterns. The length and diameter of the ZnO nanorods increased with an increase in the deposition time. The DSSCs fabricated with TiO2 nanoparticu-late/grown ZnO nanorods and grown for 8 h showed the maximum efficiency (5.51%) with a short circuit current density (J sc) of 12.21 mA/cm2 and an open circuit voltage (V oc) of 0.70 at 100 mW/cm2 light intensity.
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Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: 2012-04-01
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