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Enhanced Luminescence of Cu–In–S Nanocrystals by Surface Modification

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We have synthesized highly luminescent Cu–In–S nanocrystals by heating the mixture of metal carboxylates and alkylthiol under inert atmosphere. We modified the surface of CIS nanocrystals with zinc carboxylate and subsequent injection of alkylthiol. As a result of the surface modification, highly luminescent CIS@ZnS core/shell nanocrystals were synthesized. The luminescence quantum yield (QY) of best CIS@ZnS nanocrystals was above 50%, which is more than 10 times higher than the initial QY of CIS nanocrystals before surface modification (QY = 3%). Detailed study on the luminescence mechanism implies that etching of the surface of nanocrystals by dissociated carboxylate group (CH3COO–) and formation of epitaxial shell by Zn with sulfur from alkylthiol efficiently removed the surface defects which are major non-radiative recombination sites in semiconductor nanocrystals. In this study, we developed a novel surface modification route for monodispersed highly luminescent Cu–In–S nanocrystals with less toxic and highly stable precursors.

Document Type: Research Article


Publication date: 2012-04-01

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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