Enhanced Luminescence of Cu–In–S Nanocrystals by Surface Modification
Abstract:We have synthesized highly luminescent Cu–In–S nanocrystals by heating the mixture of metal carboxylates and alkylthiol under inert atmosphere. We modified the surface of CIS nanocrystals with zinc carboxylate and subsequent injection of alkylthiol. As a result of the surface modification, highly luminescent CIS@ZnS core/shell nanocrystals were synthesized. The luminescence quantum yield (QY) of best CIS@ZnS nanocrystals was above 50%, which is more than 10 times higher than the initial QY of CIS nanocrystals before surface modification (QY = 3%). Detailed study on the luminescence mechanism implies that etching of the surface of nanocrystals by dissociated carboxylate group (CH3COO–) and formation of epitaxial shell by Zn with sulfur from alkylthiol efficiently removed the surface defects which are major non-radiative recombination sites in semiconductor nanocrystals. In this study, we developed a novel surface modification route for monodispersed highly luminescent Cu–In–S nanocrystals with less toxic and highly stable precursors.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: 2012-04-01
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