Organic Photosensitizers with a Heteroleptic Dual Donor for Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells
Using DFT and TDDFT calculations, we investigated the substitution effect in the electronic and optical properties of dye sensitizers with a dual donor composed of triphenylamine and/or indoline moieties. Due to replacement with the dual donor moieties, the HOMO levels were split into HOMO and HOMO – 1 levels, and the bandgaps between the HOMO and LUMO levels decreased, leading to the creation of bathochromically extended absorption spectra. Nearly degenerated splitting of the HOMO levels resulted from the similarity of the electronic structure between the HOMO and the HOMO –1 levels, delocalized over both dual-donor moieties, when replacing the dual donors. It was shown that the additional electron-donating group creates an additional absorption band and causes a cascading two-electron process aiding the charge separation process. Owing to a more panchromatic attribute, easier energy transfer and feasible retardation of the recombination between the injected electrons and the electrolyte, it is expected that dyeTI will show better performance than the other dyes (dyeT dyeTT and dyeIT) as denoted here in terms of the conversion efficiency of dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs). This work presents the probable benefits of dye sensitizers with dual-donor moieties and provides insight into the development of more efficient dye sensitizers for DSSCs through modification of the Frontier molecular orbitals.
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Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: 2012-04-01
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