Effects of Substrate Heating on the Photovoltaic Characteristics of Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells During Two-Step Ti Film Deposition by RF Magnetron Sputtering
Nanoporous Ti metal film electrodes for use as photoanodes in dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs) were deposited directly on the nanoporous TiO2 layer using the two-step RF magnetron sputtering technique. The Ti film electrode replaces the transparent conducting oxide (TCO) layer. The effect of substrate heating during the deposition of the Ti film was studied to improve the porosity and columnar array of the film pores and the resulting cell efficiency. The porous Ti layer (∼1 μm) with low sheet resistance (∼1.7 Ω/sq) was obtained by deposition at 250 °C. The porous Ti layer collects electrons from the TiO2 layer and allows the diffusion of I −/I − 3 through the holes. The DSSC efficiency (η) using porous Ti layers with highly columnar structures was measured with the highest conversion efficiency of ∼5.77%; the other photovoltaic properties were ff: 0.76, V oc: 0.72 V, and J sc: 10.6 mA/cm2.
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Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: 2012-04-01
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