Size-Dependent Electrical Conductivity of Indium Zinc Oxide Deposited by RF Magnetron Sputtering
We investigated the size-dependent electrical conductivities of indium zinc oxide stripes with different widths from 50 nm to 4 μm and with the same thickness of 50 nm deposited by RF magnetron sputtering. The size of the indium zinc oxide stripes was controlled by e-beam lithography. The distance of the two Ti/Au Ohmic electrodes along the indium zinc oxide stripes was kept constant at 25 μm. The electrical conductivity decreased as the size of the indium zinc oxide stripes decreased below a critical width (80 nm). The activation energy, derived from the electric conductivity versus temperature measurement, was dependent on the dimensions of indium zinc oxide stripes. These results can be understood as stemming from surface charge trapping from the absorption of oxygen and/or water vapor, which leads to an increase in the energy difference between the conduction energy band and the Fermi energy.
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Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: 2012-04-01
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