Low-Power and Controllable Memory Window in Pt/Pr0.7Ca0.3MnO3/Yttria-Stabilized Zirconia/W Resistive Random-Access Memory Devices
Yttria-stabilized zirconia (YSZ) layers of various thicknesses were designed and introduced before Pr0.7Ca0.3Mn03 (PCMO) film was deposited on W bottom electrodes with a submicron via-hole structure. By changing the thickness of the YSZ barrier layer (3, 5, 9, and 13 nm), a tunable memory window can be realized while low power consumption (P max < 4 μW) is maintained. Resistive switching (RS) in a Pt/PCMO/YSZ/W stack with a thin YSZ layer can be ascribed to an oxidation/reduction reaction caused by a ring-type PCMO/W contact, while RS with a thick YSZ layer may be related to oxygen migration across the YSZ layer between the PCMO film and the W bottom electrode and the increase (decrease) of the effective tunnel barrier height of the YSZ layer. Excellent RS behavior characteristics, such as a large R HRS/R LRS ratio (> 103), die-to-die uniformity, sweeping endurance, and a retention time of more than 103 s, can be obtained by optimizing the thickness of YSZ layer.
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Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: 01 April 2012
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