Visible Light Photoelectrochemical Performance of W-loaded TiO2 Nanotube Arrays: Structural Properties
Abstract:Well aligned TiO2 nanotubes were successfully synthesized by anodization of Ti foil at 60 V in a fluorinated bath comprised of ethylene glycol with 5 wt% of NH4F and 5 wt% of H2O2. In order to enhance the visible light absorption and photoelectrochemical response of pure TiO2 nanotube arrays, a mixed oxide system (W-TiO2) was investigated. W-TiO2 nanotube arrays were prepared using radio-frequency (RF) sputtering to incorporate the W into the lattice of TiO2 nanotube arrays. The W atoms occupy the substitutional position within the vacancies of TiO2 nanotube arrays. The as-anodized TiO2 is amorphous in nature while the annealed TiO2 is anatase phase. The mixed oxide (W-TiO2) system in suitable TiO2 phase plays important roles in efficient electron transfers due to the reduction in electron-hole recombination. In this article, the effect of the sputtered W into the as-anodized/annealed TiO2 nanotube arrays on the photoelectrochemical response was presented.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: April 1, 2012
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