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Temperature and Pressure-Mediated Structural Transition of ZnS Nanoparticles

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We demonstrate that the structural transition of ZnS nanoparticles from sphalerite to wurtzite is influenced by high pressures and temperatures. Under the pressure of 1 GPa, the structural transition of ZnS nanoparticles commences at 250 °C, much lower than that 400–500 °C for ZnS nanoparticles under normal pressures. With the increase of the annealing temperature, the transition is enhanced then inhibited with a maximum transition fraction of 14% at 300 °C and disappears at 500 °C. At the annealing temperature of 300 °C, the structural transition of ZnS nanoparticles keeps almost invariable with the increase of the pressure from 0.6 GPa to 1 GPa. The mechanism for the phenomenon is discussed.

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1166/jnn.2012.5817

Publication date: April 1, 2012

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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