Functionalized Gold Nanoparticles Self-Assemblies with Efficient Nonlinear Optical Properties
Satellite-patterns aggregate structures of gold nanoparticles were fabricated by the inducing π–π stacking interactions. The self-assembly process of satellite-patterns was tuned by the controlling ligand exchange on the surface of spherical gold nanoparticles, which provide a novel concept and an efficient method for controlling self-assembly of gold nanoparticles. With increasing the porphyrin alkanethiol ratio (r) of gold nanoparticles, the self-assembly induces to form the larger satellitestructures. The study indicates that exchange process of tetra-n-octylammonium bromide molecules and porphyrin alkanethiol molecules results in the formation of satellite-pattern structures with topological features. Nonlinear optical properties of porphyrin alkanethiol capped gold nanoparticles of toluene solution were measured using the Z-scan technique, and its third-order nonlinear optical susceptibility (χ (3)) is calculated as 0.9 × 10−13 esu, presented the third-order nonlinear optical properties. The well-ordered assembly of gold nanoparticles exhibits controlled the third-order nonlinear optical properties, which can be enhanced with the increasing of the porphyrin alkanethiol ratio in systems.
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Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: 2012-04-01
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