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Green Synthesis of Uniform Magnetite (Fe3O4) Nanoparticles and Micron Cubes

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Single-crystalline Fe3O4 microcubes were obtained through a green hydrothermal procedure using Fe3+, Fe2+ and H2O2 as starting materials. The structures and morphologies of the as-prepared samples were characterized in detail by X-ray diffraction (XRD), Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) respectively. Magnetite (Fe3O4) cubes averaging 3 μm in diameter were synthesized by H2O2 oxidation of Fe3+ and Fe2+ under neutral conditions. The contrastive experiments were designed to elucidate the effects of Fe3+, Fe2+ and H2O2 on the morphology of the final products. Irregular and ellipsoidal Fe2O3 structures were obtained by H2O2 oxidation of Fe3+ and Fe2+ respectively. Meanwhile, Fe3O4 nanotubes and nanoparticles were obtained when H2O2 was replaced by NH4HCO3 and urea respectively. The results show that H2O2, Fe3+ and Fe2+ in the reactive system play critical roles in obtaining micrometric cube-like Fe3O4. While, other nanometric Fe2O3 and Fe3O4 particles with tube-like and other morphologies could also be developed by controlling the reaction parameters.

Document Type: Research Article


Publication date: March 1, 2012

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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