Studies on Copper-Yttria Nanocomposites: High-Energy Ball Milling Versus Chemical Reduction Method

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Abstract:

Oxide dispersion-strengthened copper-base composites are widely used for applications demanding high tensile strength, high hardness along with good electrical and thermal conductivity. Oxides of metals like aluminium, cerium, yttrium and zirconium are often used for this purpose as fine and uniformly distributed dispersoid particles in soft and ductile copper matrix. Such composites find applications as electrical contacts, resistance-welding tips, lead wires, continuous casting moulds, etc. In this investigation an attempt has been made to produce copper-yttria nanocomposites using two different morphologies of copper powder and two different processing routes namely, high-energy milling and in-situ chemical reduction. The synthesized powders were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) for their phase identification and morphological study. The nanocomposite powders in each case were subsequently processed to obtain bulk solids by classical powder metallurgy route of press-sinter-repress. The resultant bulk solid compacts were subjected to property evaluation. The study revealed that the properties of Cu-Y2O3 nanocomposites depend on the processing route used and in turn on the resultant powder morphology.

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1166/jnn.2012.5748

Publication date: March 1, 2012

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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