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Solvothermal Route to S-Deficient CoS Nanoplates and Their Cathodoluminescence and Magnetic Properties

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A facile solvothermal method was developed to fabricate CoS nanoplates using ethylenediamine as solvent. The microstructure characterizations indicate that the CoS nanoplates have well-crystalline hexagonal phase and regular hexagonal or pentagonal shape. The XPS and ICP-AES measurements confirm the chemical composition of nanoplates is S-deficient CoS0.921. Cathodoluminescence spectra of both a large area of the nanoplates and individual nanoplate show broad emission bands centered at 615 nm. Magnetic measurements including magnetization dependence of temperature and magnetic hysteresis loops reveals that the CoS nanoplates exhibit room-temperature ferromagnetic behavior. It is found that intrinsic point defects mainly as VS , Co i and/or the complex defects of VS and Co i should be responsible for both the broad emission band and the unique ferromagnetism.

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1166/jnn.2012.5746

Publication date: March 1, 2012

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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