Multi-Walled Carbon Nanotubes as a New Counter Electrode for Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells
Abstract:Airbrushed multi-walled carbon nanotube (MWNT) networks were investigated as a new counter electrode for dye-sensitized TiO2 photoelectrochemical solar cells. The structural and physical properties of the MWNTs were studied by various techniques including SEM, TEM, Raman, optical absorption, and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS). The MWNTs exhibited catalytic activity for the reduction of triiodide in the electrolyte as studied by EIS measurements. The performance of the dye-sensitized solar cells was improved by using MWNTs as counter electrodes. This observation is explained by the significantly increased contact area between the MWNT counter electrode and the electrolyte which facilitates efficient charge transportation in the solar cell. We demonstrated that the MWNTs are suitable for replacing expensive Pt electrodes for fabricating high efficiency dye-sensitized solar cells. The process used in this study is also technically attractive for large scale and economic production.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: 2012-03-01
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