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Development and Evaluation of ZnO-Fe2O3 Based Nanocomposite Sensors for Butanol Detection

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Olfactory sensing of specific volatile organic compounds released by bacterial pathogens is one of the unique ways for determining microbial contamination in packaged food products. This study reports the development and evaluation of zinc oxide-iron oxide (ZnO-Fe2O3) nanocomposite sensors to detect low concentrations of butanol, one of the VOCs specific to Salmonella contamination in packaged beef, at low operating temperature (100 °C). The ZnO-Fe2O3 sensor was developed using modified sol–gelsol method on an interdigitated alumina substrate. The sensor thin film characterization confirmed a uniform layer of ZnO-Fe2O3 thin film formation with ZnO nanorods of 100 nm height. Also, ZnO-Fe2O3 nanocomposite sensor demonstrated repeatable responses and good sensitivity to butanol with an estimated lower detection limit of about 26 ppm at 100 °C.

Document Type: Research Article


Publication date: March 1, 2012

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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