Surface Treatment Effect of Carbon Fiber Fabric Counter Electrode in Dye Sensitized Solar Cell
Abstract:Dye sensitized solar cells (DSSC) with surface modified carbon fiber fabric (CF) counter electrodes were prepared and tested. Four different type of CF were used; carbon fiber (CF); carbon fiber etched with NaOH (ECF); carbon fiber with thermally deposited platinum (CFPt); and carbon fiber etched with NaOH followed by thermal deposition of platinum (ECFPt). For comparison, DSSC with thermally Pt deposited fluorine doped tin oxide (FTO/Pt) glass counter electrode was also prepared and tested. Scanning electron microscope (SEM) proved that surface morphology of the carbon fiber was roughened by the etching process and platinum deposition process. The I–V curves of each DSSC were measured under simulated light (1 Sun, AM 1.5) to get open circuit voltage (V oc), short circuit current density (J sc), fill factor (FF) and efficiency (η). Electrochemical impedance spectroscopy of each cell was measured also. It was found that higher efficiency is obtained in order of using ECFPt > CFPt > FTO/Pt > ECF > CF counter electrode.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: February 1, 2012
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