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Study of Surface Morphology Control and Investigation of Hexagonal Indium Nitride Nanorods Grown on GaN/Sapphire Substrate

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Heteroepitaxial growth of metal-catalyst-free indium nitride (InN) nanorods on GaN/sapphire substrates by radio-frequency metal-organic molecular beam epitaxy (RF-MOMBE) system was investigated. We found that different N/In flow ratios together with the growth temperatures greatly influenced the surface morphology of InN nanorods and their structural properties. The InN nanorods have been characterized in detail using X-ray diffraction (XRD), field emission scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM). Optical property was evaluated by photoluminescence (PL) measurements. At lower growth temperatures, InN nanorods were successfully grown. A pronounced two-dimensional growth mode was observed at higher growth temperature of 500 °C, and these films showed preferred orientation along the c-axis. XRD patterns and SEM images reveal that InN nanorods has high quality wurtzite structure with FWHM approaching 900 arcsec, and they have uniform diameters of about 150 nm and length of about 800 nm. Meanwhile, no metallic droplet was observed at the end of the nanostructured InN, and this is strong evidence that the nanorods are grown via the self-catalyst process. The PL peak at 0.8 eV is attributed to the quantum confinement and Moss-Burstein effects. These observations provide some valuable insights into the physical-chemical process for manufacturing InN nanorods devices.


Document Type: Research Article


Publication date: February 1, 2012

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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