Single-Walled Carbon Nanotubes Based Chemicapacitive Sensors

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Abstract:

Carboxylated single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWNTs) based chemicapacitive gas sensors were fabricated by AC dielectrophoretically aligning SWNTs across microfabricated gold electrodes with controlled density/device resistance. Two different sensing configurations (i.e., horizontal/in-plane and vertical/out-of-plane) were utilized to compare their sensing performance. Upon exposure to water vapor at room temperature, the response (R = [(CC 0/C 0] × 100%) increased with an increase in water vapor concentration similar to that of resistance response. In horizontal configuration, the response was increased with an increase in device resistance which might be attributed to preferentially alignment of semiconducting SWNTs during initial phase of alignment. However, the response was independent of device resistance in vertical/out-of-plane configuration which indicated that the sensing mechanism is based on the change of dielectric constant of gate and atmosphere.

Keywords: CHEMICAPACITOR; SENSOR; SINGLE WALLED CARBON NANOTUBES; SWNTS; WATER VAPOR

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1166/jnn.2012.4605

Publication date: February 1, 2012

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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