Study on the Microstructures and the Magnetic Properties of Precipitates in a Cu75–Fe5–Ni20 Alloy

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Abstract:

The microstructural evolutions of precipitates formed in a Cu75–Fe5–Ni20 alloy on isothermal annealing at 873 K and 1073 K have been investigated by means of transmission electron microscopy (TEM). Nano-scale magnetic particles were formed randomly in the Cu-rich matrix after receiving a short annealing due to phase decomposition in the alloy. With increasing the isothermal annealing time, however, the striking features that two or more nano-scale particles with a cubic shape and a rod shape were aligned linearly along 100 directions were observed on isothermal annealing at 873 K and 1073 K, respectively. To investigate electro-magnetic properties of precipitates in a Cu–Fe–Ni alloy, the superconducting quantum interference device (SQUID) magnetometer and physical property measurement system (PPMS) were also complemented. The present study revealed significant influences that the magnetic properties of the specimens were closely related to the microstructures in the Cu–Fe–Ni alloy, which microstructures significantly depend on the isothermal annealing temperature.

Keywords: ELECTRO-MAGNETIC PROPERTIES; ISOTHERMAL ANNEALING; MICROSTRUCTURAL EVOLUTIONS

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1166/jnn.2012.4664

Publication date: February 1, 2012

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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