Hydrothermal Synthesis of ZnO Nanorods in the Presence of a Surfactant
Abstract:Controlling the dimensions, positioning, and shapes of semiconductor nanowires, nanorods, and nanobelts lies in the synthesis and understanding of their growth mechanism. Controlled growth and synthesis is required in the fabrication of nanodevices and nanosensors. Among methods utilized for one-dimensional nanostructure synthesis, the hydrothermal process—a simple and cost-effective technique involving a low process temperature—has emerged as a powerful tool for the fabrication of anisotropic nanomaterials. Under hydrothermal conditions, many starting materials can undergo quite unexpected reactions, which are often accompanied by the formation of nanoscopic morphologies that are not accessible by classical routes. Synthesized ZnO nanostructures from aqueous solutions are usually poor in terms of morphology and size control. To improve the growth conditions and the controllability of the process, the use of surfactants or organic solvents has been attempted. In the present work, ZnO nanorods were grown on templates with a pre-sputtered ZnO seed layer over oxidized Si (100) substrates, and polyvinyl pyrrolidone (PVP) was used as a surfactant. By varying the PVP concentration in the growth solution, we can control the diameter and density of ZnO nanorods. The optical property of ZnO nanorods is highly improved by PVP addition.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: 2012-02-01
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