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Structural Control Over Self-Assembled Crystals of π-Conjugated Poly(3,3‴-didodecyl-quaterthiophene) for Organic Field-Effect Transistor Applications

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Liquid-crystalline (LC) poly(3,3‴-didodecyl-quaterthiophene) (PQT-12) was investigated to optimize its side alkyl ordering and π-conjugated structure for high performance organic field-effect transistor (OFET) applications. Initially, low-crystal films spun-cast on OTS-treated SiO2 substrates were further crystallized via either thermal or solvent treatments. At temperatures (125–138 °C) driving a LC state of PQT-12, mobile chains were better migrated into preformed crystals. The resulting films showed highly crystal nanofibrils, in which π-conjugated polymer backbones (with an conjugated backbone spacing, d (010) of 3.80 Å) and the orientation of self-assembled side-chains were tilted with respect to the film surface, respectively. However, via melting or solvent exposure providing isotropic states, film crystallization generated less ordered crystals with randomly oriented side-chains, increasing d(010) up to 4.16 Å. As a result, the usage of LC characteristic allowed us to consistently achieve the desirable crystal structure of PQT-12 and to robustly obtain high field-effect mobility for FET applications.


Document Type: Research Article


Publication date: February 1, 2012

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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