Synthesis and Microwave Absorption Properties of Magnetite Nanoparticles
Nanoparticles of Fe3O4 with various sizes were synthesized from FeCl3·6H2O, FeCl2·4H2O and NaOH by coprecipitation process. The crystal structure, morphology, particle size and magnetic property of the products were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and vibrating sample magnetometer (VSM). It was found that the molar ratio of ferrous to ferric played an important role in the formation of Fe3O4 nanoparticles. The particle mean diameter swelled from ∼10 to ∼20 nm with the molar ratio range from 1:2 to 6:1. The saturation magnetization and the coercivity increased correspondingly. The complex permittivity ε r and permeability μ r of the Fe3O4 mixture with paraffin were measured using vector network analysis. Values of ε r and μ r were used to determine the reflection loss at various sample thicknesses, based on a model of microwave absorbing layer backed by a metal plate. The minimal reflection loss or the dip shifts to a lower frequency region with increasing thickness. When the thickness is 5 mm, the minimal reflection loss of Fe3O4 synthesized with the molar ratio of 6:1 and paraffin wax composites reaches −35.1 dB at 5.2 GHz and −30.2 dB at 17.6 GHz, respectively. The minimal reflection loss is attributed to the thickness of the absorber approximates an odd number multiple of a quarter of the propagation wavelength.
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Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: 2012-02-01
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