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Magnetization Reversal and Anisotropy with Chains of Superparamagnetic Ni Nanoparticles

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Abstract:

Chains of superparamagnetic (SPM) Ni nanoparticles of 20 and 33 nm in diameter are synthesized by a facile, template-free, wet chemical method in magnetic field. The blocking temperature for the sample of 20 nm appears at T B ∼255 K, above which the sample exhibits SPM behaviors by a M(H) measurement. At T < T B , the temperature dependent coercivity, H C (T), is beyond the description by the simple two-well model proposed by NĂ©el and Brown in the early day. In contrast, for the Ni nanochains of diameter larger than the coherence length, L coh∼25 nm, the magnetization reversal properties are well described by this model. The magnetization reversal behavior of the SPM Ni nanochains with the diameter much smaller than the coherence length is one of the interesting points to study. Possible transition from the localized magnetization reversal mode in the high temperature end to the coherently rotational mode at low temperature is discussed.

Keywords: CORE-SHELL MODEL; MAGNETIZATION REVERSAL; NI NANOCHAIN; SUPERPARAMAGNETISM

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1166/jnn.2012.4261

Publication date: 2012-02-01

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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