Characteristics of Nano-Sized Yttria Powder Synthesized by a Polyvinyl Alcohol Solution Route at Low Temperature
Nano-sized yttria (Y2O3) powders were successfully synthesized at a low temperature of 400 °C by a simple polymer solution route. PVA polymer, as an organic carrier, contributed to an atom-scale homogeneous precursor gel and it resulted in fully crystallized, nano-sized yttria powder with high specific surface area through the low temperature calcination. In this process, the content of PVA, calcination temperature and heating time affected the microstructure and crystallization behavior of the powders. The development of crystalline phase and the final particle size were strongly dependant on the oxidation reaction from the polymer burn-out step and the PVA content. In this paper, the PVA solution technique for the fabrication of nano-sized yttria powders is introduced. The effects of PVA content and holding time on the powder morphology and powder specific surface area are also studied. The characterization of the synthesized powders is examined by using XRD, DTA/TG, SEM, TEM and nitrogen gas adsorption. The yttria powder synthesized from the PVA content of 3:1 ratio and calcined at 400 °C had a crystallite size of about 20 nm or less with a high surface areas of 93.95∼120.76 m2 g−1.
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Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: 2012-01-01
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