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Composition Dependence of Magnetocaloric Effect in Pr0.6Ca0.4Mn1−x Cr x O3 (x = 0.02–0.08)

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We report the effect of varying Cr content on magnetic and magnetocaloric properties of Pr0.6Ca0.4Mn1−x Cr x O3 samples (x = 0, 0.02, 0.04, 0.06 and 0.08). While the parent compound (x = 0) is a charge ordered and antiferromagnetic insulator, Cr doped compounds are ferromagnetic metals with nearly same Curie temperature (T C ≈ 140 K). We find unusual field-induced metamagnetic transition above TC in x = 0.02 and 0.04 which is absent in x = 0.06 and 0.08. It is suggested that the paramagnetic phase in these compounds is inhomogeneous with coexistence of nano-size ferromagnetic clusters and short range charge ordered clusters. Field induced growth of ferromagnetic nano-clusters and destruction of short-range charge ordering leads to the observed metamagnetic transition, which results in large magnetic entropy change of −ΔS M = 5.043, 6, 5.509 and 4.375 J/kg K under ΔH = 5 T, for x = 0.02, 0.04, 0.06 and 0.08, respectively. In addition, large relative cooling power (RCP) found in these materials (327.384, 286.36, 272.22 and 279.936 J/kg) makes it interesting for practical applications. Our study suggests that creation of ferromagnetic nano-clusters in the paramagnetic phase by Mn-site doping in charge ordered compounds provides an alternative approach to achieve high ΔS M and RCP values.


Document Type: Research Article


Publication date: January 1, 2012

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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