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Comparison of Cytotoxicity of Pristine and Covalently Functionalized Multi-Walled Carbon Nanotubes in RAW 264.7 Macrophages

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Abstract:

Carbon nanotubes may be applied in different fields including biomedicine and mechanical engineering. It is important to understand the potential hazards of carbon nanotubes. In the present study, the toxicological effects of the pristine multi-walled carbon nanotubes (p-MWCNTs) and taurine functionalized multi-walled carbon nanotubes (tau-MWCNTs) were assessed on RAW 264.7 macrophages. We tested cell viability, GSH/GSSG ratio, apoptosis, intracellular calcium concentration, ultrastructural changes of cell morphology, and the release of IL-8. We observed the loss of cell viability, decline in the cellular GSH/GSSG ratio, increase of IL-8, and the increase of intracellular calcium concentration in RAW 264.7 macrophages when exposed to p-MWCNTs at high dosage. Additionally, exposure to p-MWCNTs resulted in ultrastructural and morphological changes in RAW 264.7 macrophages. In contrast, the RAW 264.7 macrophages exposed to the tau-MWCNTs did not exhibit altered morphology. Our results conclude that the tau-MWCNTs show lower toxicity than that of p-MWCNTs.

Keywords: APOPTOSIS; CELL VIABILITY; INTRACELLULAR CALCIUM CONCENTRATION; MULTI-WALLED CARBON NANOTUBES; RAW 264.7 MACROPHAGE

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1166/jnn.2012.5700

Publication date: 2012-01-01

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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