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Synthesis of Size-Controlled Fe3O4@SiO2 Magnetic Nanoparticles for Nucleic Acid Analysis

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Abstract:

We present a systematic study on the preparation, characteration and potential application of Fe3O4 and Fe3O4@SiO2 nanoparticles. Fe3O4 nanoparticles of controllable diameters were successfully synthesized by solvothermal system with tuning pH. The magnetic properties of nanoparticles were measured by vibration sample magnetometer. Fe3O4@SiO2 nanoparticles were obtained via classic Stöber process. Streptavidin coated Fe3O4@SiO2 nanoparticles were prepared by covalent interaction. The quantity of streptavidin bound to nanoparticles was determined by UV-Vis spectrometer. To evaluate the binding efficiency and capacity of nucleic acid on nanoparticles, the capture of biotinylated oligonucleotide on streptavidin coated Fe3O4@SiO2 nanoparticles at different concentration was estimated by fluorescence detection. Both Fe3O4 and Fe3O4@SiO2 nanoparticles exhibited well crystallization and magnetic properties. The maximal amount of streptavidin immobilized onto the Fe3O4@SiO2 nanoparticles was 29.3 μg/mg. The saturation ratio of biotinylated oligonucleotides captured on streptavidin coated Fe3O4@SiO2 nanoparticles was 5 μM/mg within 20 minutes, indicating that Fe3O4@SiO2 nanoparticles immobilized by streptavidin were excellent carriers in nucleic acid analysis due to their convenient magnetic-separation property. Therefore, the synthesized Fe3O4 and Fe3O4@SiO2 nanoparticles with controllable size and high magnetic saturation have shown great application potentials in nucleic acid research.

Keywords: CONTROLLABLE SIZE; FE3O4 COMMAT SIO2 NANOPARTICLES; NUCLEIC ACID ANALYSIS; SOLVOTHERMAL

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1166/jnn.2012.5170

Publication date: 2012-01-01

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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