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Morphology Evolution of Polyaniline Microstructures via Reverse Micelles and Their Hydrophobicity

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Polyaniline morphology evolution in toluene has been observed for the first time. Various structures, including one-dimensional open-ended microtubes, three-dimensional solid microspheres and two-dimensional novel solid microplates were controllably synthesized in the same reaction system. The structures obtained were sensitive to oxidant concentration and molar ratio of monomer to oxidant. Solid microplates were mainly formed on the glass beaker wall and bottom, while tubes and spheres were produced in solution by employing reverse micelles as soft templates. Studies on the effect of reaction temperature, mechanical stirring and the addition of more acid were also carried out. FTIR and UV-Vis results showed that the PANI products were in the emeraldine form. The PANI film prepared from spheres exhibited hydrophobic property due to its rough surface covered with nanoscale dots and the large distribution of sphere diameters.


Document Type: Research Article


Publication date: 2012-01-01

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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