Nanofibers: Effective Generation by Electrospinning and Their Applications
Electrospinning is the most versatile technology in use today, for the generation of polymer nanoscale fibers. The nano materials generated using this technology have a large surface area and are highly porous making it very useful in many applications in diverse fields such as energy storage, healthcare, biotechnology, environmental engineering, defense and security. The production of the fibers and the morphology can be easily controlled by modifications to the processing parameters. The relatively high production rate and simplicity of the setup makes electrospinning highly attractive. This review summarizes the effect of various processing parameters on the effective generation of nanofibers. By simple modifications to the electric field inside the electrospinning chamber the fiber collection can be easily controlled. In addition, the various applications of electrospun fibers in electronic devices, environmental sensors and filters, energy storage, and in biomedicine such as in tissue engineering, drug delivery and enzyme encapsulation are examined and the current research in each field is also explored in this review.
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Document Type: Review Article
Publication date: 2012-01-01
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- Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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