Microwave-Assisted Synthesis and Characterization of Zinc Oxide/Carbon Nanotube Composites
Abstract:A composite material of zinc oxide and carbon nanotubes were successfully synthesized via a sol process using zinc acetate dihydrate and treated multi-wall carbon nanotubes under microwave irradiation. The morphology, microstructure and chemical bonding of as-obtained composites were well characterized using X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscope, transmission electron microscope, and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy. Zinc oxide nanoparticles were dispersively coated on the surface of carbon nanotube when the precursor was dried under microwave irradiation without post-annealing. X-ray diffraction results obviously showed the mixture of two phases of carbon nanotube and wurzite zinc oxide whose size is approximately 15 nm. The formation of zinc oxide nanoparticles on carbon nanotube surface in the composite prepared by microwave heating is much better than the composite heated by conventional annealing. Fourier transform infrared spectroscopic results suggest that carboxylic groups and uniform heating by microwave heating could play key roles on the nucleation of zinc oxide on carbon nanotube surface.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: December 1, 2011
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