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Electrochemical Behavior of Gold Nanoparticles Modified Nitrogen Incorporated Tetrahedral Amorphous Carbon and Its Application in Glucose Sensing

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Abstract:

Gold nanoparticles (NPs) with 10–50 nm in diameter were synthesized on nitrogen incorporated tetrahedral amorphous carbon (ta-C:N) thin film electrode by electrodeposition. The deposition and nucleation processes of Au on ta-C:N surface were investigated by cyclic voltammetry and chronoamperometry. The morphology of Au NPs was characterized by scanned electron microscopy. The electrochemical properties of Au NPs modified ta-C:N (ta-C:N/Au) electrode and its ability to sense glucose were investigated by voltammetric and amperometric measurements. The potentiostatic current-time transients showed a progressive nucleation process and diffusion growth of Au on the surface of ta-C:N film according to the Scharifker-Hills model. The Au NPs acted as microelectrodes improved the electron transfer and electrocatalytic oxidation of glucose on ta-C:N electrode. The ta-C:N/Au electrode exhibited fast current response, a linear detection range of glucose from 0.5 to 25 mM and a detection limit of 120 μM, which hinted its potential application as a glucose biosensor.

Keywords: GLUCOSE SENSING; GOLD NANOPARTICLE; NITROGEN INCORPORATED TETRAHEDRAL AMORPHOUS CARBON; NUCLEATION PROCESS

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1166/jnn.2011.3935

Publication date: December 1, 2011

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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