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Effect of Ending Surface on Energy and Young's Modulus of an Armchair Single-Walled Carbon Nanotubes

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Abstract:

The energy and Young's modulus as a function of tube length for (10, 10) armchair single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs) are investigated by using a linear scaling self-consistent-charge density functional tight binding (SCC-DFTB) method. It is found that the formula derived from total energy for a zigzag SWCNT [Physica B404, 3930 (2009)] can be also used to explain these calculated length-dependent properties. Moreover, a transition occurs from fast change of length-dependent properties of the SWCNT to their slow change. This transition corresponds to the SWCNT's length of about 5 nm. The length for the armchair SWCNT is about one half of that of the corresponding Zigzag SWCNTs. In addition, a definition of volume for a short SWCNT is discussed.

Keywords: DENSITY FUNCTIONAL THEORY; EFFECT OF ENDING SURFACE; LINEAR SCALING METHOD; SINGLE-WALLED CARBON NANOTUBE; YOUNG'S MODULUS

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1166/jnn.2011.4100

Publication date: December 1, 2011

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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