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Photoconductive Characteristic in Individual WO3−x Nanowire

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Abstract:

Tungsten Oxide nanowires, with their natural excellent structure, possess unique physical and chemical properties. In this paper, photoconductivity of single tungsten trioxide nanowire (WO3 NW) and single tungsten suboxide nanowire (WO3−x NW) have been studied respectively on a photoconductivity testing system. Under 514 nm wavelength laser illumination, an unsaturated photocurrent and a slow photoconductive responsivity could be expressed in single WO3 NW device. In WO3−x NW device, photoconductive responsivity was determined by the illuminating position. About 100 nA photocurrent could be generated and a fast optoelectric responsivity with a recover time about 90 ms from the device was observed. Not only photoconductive effect but also the photovoltaic effect was obtained from individual WO3−x NW device. According to the results of X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, the mechanisms of photoconductive and photovoltaic effects in these two kinds of devices have been discussed and the oxygen vacancy played an important role in the photoconductive phenomenon. All these effects could be of practical use in the design and fabrication of photodetectors based on single tungsten oxide nanowire.

Keywords: NANOWIRE; PHOTOCONDUCTIVE; TUNGSTEN OXIDE; XPS

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1166/jnn.2011.4079

Publication date: December 1, 2011

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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