Localized-Surface-Plasmon Enhanced Emission from Porous Silicon by Gold Nanoparticles
The porous silicon (PS) samples, decorated by Au nanoparticles (NPs) possessing localized-surface-plasmon (LSP) resonance, are prepared by the conventional anodization method. Photoluminescence (PL) is studied systematically, in particular, its dependence on the excitation power. It is found that undecorated PS samples exhibit a saturation behavior in PL intensity with increasing the pumping laser power, while the luminescence of Au-decorated PS hybrid samples have a purely linear dependence on the excitation power. In the linear response region of PS samples, addition of metal NPs layer moderately suppresses the emission while, in the saturation region, the net emission is enhanced by approximately up to 4-fold. Several possible mechanisms are discussed. We believe that the observed PL enhancement in saturation region is dominantly due to the resonant coupling between the LSP of Au NPs and the electronic excitation of PS, which inhibits the nonradiative Auger recombination process at high excitation power. These results indicate that the plasmon effect could be useful for designing even more efficient optoelectronic devices such as super bright light emitting devices and solar cells with high efficiencies. Despite many challenges, Au NPs can potentially be applied to introduce LSP resonance for the future silicon-based optoelectronics or photonics.
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Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: 2011-12-01
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