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Third-Order Optical Nonlinearity of Cadmium Sulfide Nanoparticles Loaded in Mesostructured Silica Materials

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Cadmium sulfide nanoparticles have been successfully incorporated in three forms of CTAB-templated mesoporous silica materials: one is the mesoporous silica spheres suspended in ethanol solution, the other is the mesoporous silica spheres spin-coated on glass slide, and the third is the dip-coated mesoporous silica thin film. The mesostructures were characterized by XRD and TEM, respectively. Linear optical properties were investigated using UV-visible spectra, and the diameter of the incorporated CdS nanoparticles was measured to be around 3.1 nm. Z-scan technique manifested that these three composites exhibited distinct third-order optical nonlinearities due to the different preparation techniques. Reverse saturation absorption could be detected in the CdS-loaded mesoporous silica spheres suspended in solution, while those dispersed on glass slide presented saturation absorption. The difference in nonlinear absorption of the two mesoporous silica sphere samples could be attributed to defect-related transitions. On the contrary, the CdS-loaded mesoporous silica thin film showed self-defocusing behavior with no nonlinear absorption signals. Compared to that of the CdS nanoparticles with larger size previously reported, the intrinsic microscopic third-order nonlinear optical susceptibility of those incorporated in CTAB-templated mesoporous thin film was increased as predicted by the quantum theory, and the third-order optical nonlinearity was further determined to arise from intraband transitions induced by quantum confinement.
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Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 2011-12-01

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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