A Facile Approach to the Synthesis of Graphene Nanosheets Under Ultra-Low Exfoliation Temperature

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Abstract:

High specific surface area graphene nanosheets have been obtained from graphite oxide by using an effective modified exfoliation method under vacuum, the exfoliation temperature (135 °C) is much lower than that conventionally applied (1050 °C) to obtain monolayer graphene sheets via rapid thermal shock. These products have fluffy and highly porous structure and with a lateral size typically of a few micrometers. Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) observation shows that it looks like a wrinkled transparent ultrathin film consisting of single or few-layer graphene sheets, and their Brunauer-Emmett-Teller surface area is as large as 750 m2/g. Simultaneously, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy analysis revealed that considerable amount of oxygen-containing groups (C/O ratio, 5:1) retained on the graphene sheets after exfoliation process, which would provide convenience for further modification of the surface properties and chemistry of graphene sheets. This work offers a facile and scalable approach to fabricate graphene oxide and opens up a new vista of various potential applications electronics and composite materials.

Keywords: GRAPHENE; GRAPHITE OXIDE; LOW TEMPERATURE; THERMAL EXFOLIATION

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1166/jnn.2011.4068

Publication date: December 1, 2011

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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