Gas Ionization Sensors with Carbon Nanotube/Nickel Field Emitters
Gas ionization sensors based on the field emission properties of the carbon nanotube/nickel (CNT/Ni) field emitters were first developed in this work. It is found that the breakdown electric field (Eb) slightly decreases from 2.2 V/μm to 1.9 V/μm as the pressure of H2 gas increases from 0.5 Torr to 100 Torr. On the contrary, Eb obviously increases from 2.9 V/μm to 6.5 V/μm as O2 gas pressure increases from 0.5 Torr to 100 Torr. This may be explained by the depression of the electron emission that caused by the adsorption of the O2 gas on the CNT emitters. The Raman spectra of the CNT/Ni emitters also show that more defects were generated on the CNTs after O2 gas sensing. The Joule heating effect under high current density as performing H2 sensing was also observed. These effects may contribute the pressure dependence on the breakdown electric field of the CNT/Ni gas ionization sensors.
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Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: 2011-12-01
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